AG Mark Brnovich creates a ‘straw man’ for our lawless Tea-Publican legislature on higher ed funding

It was recently reported that “State support for students at Arizona’s three public universities has fallen by 53.8 percent since 2008, more than three times the national decline over the same period, according to a new report.” Arizona cuts to college student support still among steepest in nation:

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities said the Arizona cuts were the most extreme example of a national trend that has seen a total reduction in state aid of nearly $9 billion over the 10 years, as states scrambled to close budget gaps caused by the recession.

Despite efforts by states in recent years to reverse the trend – including in Arizona, where state support per student rose 4.25 percent last year – the report’s authors said they worry that those increases are slowing down.

“The clear majority of states have been reinvesting and that has been a broad trend over the past few years,” said Michael Mitchell, a senior policy analyst at the CBPP, in a call on the Wednesday report.

“But there are indications that we can see that this reinvestment is trailing off and the amount of reinvestment that we’ve seen over the past few years just hasn’t been enough to make up for the drastic magnitude of cuts over the time period we’re looking at,” he said.

Those cuts average 16 percent per student nationally since 2008, the report said.

Arizona’s 53.8 percent reduction was largest in the nation, with Louisiana next-closest with a 44.9 percent reduction. In terms of an actual dollar reduction, however, Arizona’s per-student cut of $3,450 was fourth-highest, behind Louisiana, New Mexico and Alabama.

While the cuts have been partially offset by increases in federal aid – an average Pell grant grew 23 percent during the period – steady increases in tuition continue to make college unaffordable for many, according to the report.

“We have seen increases in federal student aid, but in states where tuition costs have increased rapidly those additional federal investments have not kept up with rising college costs,” Mitchell said. “The net cost of attendance has increased even for low-income students at four-year colleges.

Our lawless Tea-Publican legislature, which is regularly sued and is currently in court for its constitutional failure to adequately fund public education, is responsible for Arizona’s 53.8 percent reduction in higher ed funding, the “largest in the nation.”

Enter Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich to create a “straw man” foil for our lawless Tea-Publican legislature and to distract and misdirect attention from the reduction in tax revenue side to focus on the rising tuition cost side (to offset the loss of  tax revenue). The goal is to muddy the waters ahead of an election year. AG sues Board of Regents over tuition-setting policies:

The Arizona Attorney General’s Office is suing the Arizona Board of Regents for not adhering to a constitutional requirement that tuition for residents attending state universities be “nearly as free as possible.”

Attorney General Mark Brnovich filed a complaint Friday with the Maricopa Superior Court questioning ABOR’s formula for setting tuition rates, which considers factors he deemed “necessarily incompatible” with the Constitutional goal.

The intent is not to suggest an appropriate rate but rather to question that formula, setting this case apart – at least in Brnovich’s eyes – from a 2007 Arizona Supreme Court ruling that found setting tuition was beyond the court’s power.

Brnovich said ABOR provided the vehicle for the suit when the regents chose to extend in-state tuition to beneficiaries of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, which, as was noted in the complaint, is slated to end in six months unless Congress intervenes.

That decision, he said, was enough to give his office standing to question tuition hikes.

“I realize that there is a broader and bigger question here,” Brnovich said. “When we start talking about making education accessible to DACA recipients, the question then becomes why aren’t we working on making it more accessible to everyone. Are we doing something that’s consistent with the Constitution?”

By extending in-state tuition to DACA recipients, according to the complaint, ABOR left the state vulnerable to a federal law that would forfeit the ability to offer a discounted rate to residents and “instead would require all students, regardless of residency, to pay the same tuition charged to out-of-state students.”

Brnovich’s office alleges ABOR has raised tuition and fees at public universities 315 to 370 percent in the last 15 years, nine to ten times higher than the rate of inflation in that same period, according to the complaint.

In setting tuition rates, according to the complaint, ABOR considers factors including amounts charged by peer universities in other states and the availability of student loans and financial aid, “essentially concluding that if students can borrow enough money, ABOR is cleared to charge it.”

Further, the complaint alleges the regents have misinterpreted “nearly free” to mean “affordable,” focusing on what families can afford to pay and empowering the board to determine affordability.

And while Arizona’s average tuition at its four-year universities has increased more than 300 percent, according to the complaint, the nationwide average has climbed by about 100 percent.

According to the suit, tuition increases at Arizona State University, the University of Arizona and Northern Arizona University occurred “in lockstep…to prevent any meaningful competition based on price,” which the complaint classified as an abuse of ABOR’s position.

The complaint also leveled criticism at higher tuition rates for students taking fewer credit hours and the imposition of fees for expenditures unrelated to instruction, like athletics and health.

The Arizona Bord of Regents (ABOR) is a constitutionally created body corporate. Article 11, section 5, Arizona Constituion. ABOR is the governing body of Arizona’s public university system, providing policy guidance to Arizona State University, Northern Arizona University, the University of Arizona and their branch campuses.

The Governor of Arizona appoints eight volunteer members for staggered eight-year terms; two students serve on the Board for two-year appointments, with the first year being a non-voting apprentice year. The Governor and the Superintendent of Public Instruction serve as voting ex officio members. The ABOR provides “policy guidance” and oversight to the three major degree-granting universities, as provided for by Title 15 of the Arizona Revised Statutes.

While ABOR has the power to set tuition rates at the state universities, it does not have the power to tax, like public school districts. The taxing power belongs to the Arizona legislature, and ABOR must rely on tax revenues appropriated for higher education by the legislature in setting tuition rates.

The constitutional provision for which AG Brnovich is suing ABOR actually is a directive to the Arizona legislature. Our lawless Tea-Publican Arizona legislature routinely violates two provisions of the Arizona Constitution out of ideological opposition to government, public education, and taxes (post has been updated for clarification):

Article XI, Section 6: The university and all other state educational institutions shall be open to students of both sexes, and the instruction furnished shall be as nearly free as possible. The legislature shall provide for a system of common schools by which a free school shall be established and maintained in every school district for at least six months in each year, which school shall be open to all pupils between the ages of six and twenty-one years.

Article XI, Section 10.  The revenue for the maintenance of the respective state educational institutions shall be derived from the investment of the proceeds of the sale, and from the rental of such lands as have been set aside by the enabling act approved June 20, 1910, or other legislative enactment of the United States, for the use and benefit of the respective state educational institutions. In addition to such income the legislature shall make such appropriations, to be met by taxation, as shall insure the proper maintenance of all state educational institutions, and shall make such special appropriations as shall provide for their development and improvement.

See generally:

Article IX, Section 3: The legislature shall provide by law for an annual tax sufficient, with other sources of revenue, to defray the necessary ordinary expenses of the state for each fiscal year. And for the purpose of paying the state debt, if there be any, the legislature shall provide for levying an annual tax sufficient to pay the annual interest and the principal of such debt within twenty-five years from the final passage of the law creating the debt.

Our lawless Arizona legislature has for years been in violation of the Arizona Constitution because: (1) it is failing to provide for the cost of public education, and (2) it refuses to raise taxes sufficient “to defray the necessary ordinary expenses of the state for each fiscal year.”

The lawsuit that AG Brnovich filed against ABOR more properly should have been brought against our lawless Tea-Publican legislature (it would be dismissed under the “political question” doctrine, just as the lawsuit against ABOR was dismissed in 2007).

Moreover, the AG’s reliance on the DREAMER tuition set by ABOR belies the true motivation for this lawsuit. AG Brnovich wanted to get out in front of a pending lawsuit threatened by disgraced and recalled former Senate President Russell Pearce set to be filed on Monday if the AG did not file the lawsuit. Russell Pearce and Judicial Watch ask AG Brnovich to sue ABOR for violating the law or we will. AG Brnovich is doing the bidding of Arizona’s most notorious anti-immigrant racist. He expanded the scope of the claim against ABOR to make it more palatable to a public suffering under the weight of higher tuition.

The goal to muddy the waters ahead of an election year is already working with at least one Arizona Republic columnist, Laurie Roberts. Roberts: Brnovich sues Regents over outrageous tuition costs (finally):

No doubt, universities will blame the state Legislature for the need to massively hike tuition. Indeed, the Legislature has slashed per-student state funding for universities by 63 percent over the last 10 years, according to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee. But in that same time, the Regents have increased tuition and mandatory fees by 90 percent (at ASU) to 121 percent (at U of A).

So, not buying that excuse. And neither is Brnovich. (And neither should you.)

For someone who has railed against our lawless Tea-Publican legislature for its failure to adequately fund public education in Arizona, she sure is easily distracted by a bright shiny object.

This is not to say that ABOR has not set tuition rates unreasonably high, it has. (Remember that GOP Governors Jan Brewer and Doug Ducey appointed this board). But this is a political question that the Arizona Supreme Court has already ruled it is without power to decide. Brnovich is likely to get a favorable ruling on the Proposition 300 argument regarding DREAMER tuition, but the rest of his claims –which are window dressing to create a distraction and misdirection from our lawless Tea-Publican legislature ahead of an election year — are unlikely to be addressed by the Court.

16 Responses to AG Mark Brnovich creates a ‘straw man’ for our lawless Tea-Publican legislature on higher ed funding

  1. bernie sanders has it right free education and pay for it with a republican poll tax! I paid $90 a semester at asu football and party school. (a lot longer then 30 years ago!)

    • “bernie sanders has it right free education and pay for it with a republican poll tax!”

      I have an even better idea! Since it is usually democrats that whine about inadequate funding for education, take censored’s idea, but tax democrats rather than Republicans. democrats always demand more taxes but never seem to pay more than they have to. Given that they like the idea of giving money to the government, they must have more money that they need and can spare it for the government. Or, to put it another way, they should put their money where their mouth is. Years ago, I heard a definition of liberalism that has always proven true: “Liberalism is unbridaled generosity with other people’s money.” True then, true now, true tomorrow.

  2. Sen. John Kavanagh

    You cannot discuss tuition and tuition increases without discussing how much in-state students actually pay. The last time I saw the data from the Regents, about two years ago, about half the in-state undergrad students paid no tuition at all. Another third paid greatly reduced tuition and the rest paid full tuition.

    These amounts do not include fees (but they are not monumental) and take into account all types of financial aid, including a sizable shift of tuition revenue (much of it from large out-of-state tuition costs) to poorer students. So when the dust settles, ASU and the other state universities have very affordable tuition or no tuition for probably three-quarters of their students. The rest of the undergrads come from well-off households, who you libs think don’t pay enough money to government anyway.

    I might also add that some of the increased costs today result from a massive growth of administrative personnel since the 1970s, Deans of Anything and Everything, along with mandatory fitness center fees that all students must pay and that I voted against authorizing.

    Finally, doing a two-year community college and two-year university articulation package, the cost of a four-year state university degree is probably among the lowest in the nation.

    Amazing how these facts get lost in the smoke and mirrors of politics.

    • Frances Perkins

      Your comments are such a mismash of non-sequiturs it hard to respond. My own experience with my kid at UofA is that he had an AIMS scholarship, frozen at the first year tuition rate, that went from $3600 a semester to over $5,000 in five years. State aid went down dramatically during that period. Yes, universities in response got like airlines, feeing you to death, not withstanding the textbook cost scam. However having inumerable deans is not really accurate, and you should mention then, the closed and merged programs, or closed programs, consolidated at other universities, that were a response to your cutting of State aid. And also you don’t mention the small number of sections in many classes that forced longer time in college, because they could not get the classes needed to graduate, due to “budget cuts”. In fact that term became a cliche for not being able to finish, or getting feed to death. So tell the whole accurate story, John, not your Reaganesque cliches about too many bureaucrats. Cliches like that cannot be refuted, because there are never specifics. Like the term you guys use about “too many regulations”, and when you are questioned about which ones are too many, you can’t answer, like the Emperor, in Amadeus, who couldn’t answer, “too many notes.”

      • Sen. John Kavanagh

        I do not deny that class sections have been reduced but how can you dismiss without comment the fact that half the students pay no tuition and another third pay reduced tuition. Come on.

      • Sen. John Kavanagh

        Go to the Huffington Post for info on the large growth of administrators.

        http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/02/06/higher-ed-administrators-growth_n_4738584.html

        Here is the gist of the Huffington Post post:

        The number of non-academic administrative and professional employees at U.S. colleges and universities has more than doubled in the last 25 years, vastly outpacing the growth in the number of students or faculty, according to an analysis of federal figures.

        The disproportionate increase in the number of university staffers who neither teach nor conduct research has continued unabated in more recent years, and slowed only slightly since the start of the economic downturn, during which time colleges and universities have contended that a dearth of resources forced them to sharply raise tuition.

        In all, from 1987 until 2011-12—the most recent academic year for which comparable figures are available—universities and colleges collectively added 517,636 administrators and professional employees, or an average of 87 every working day, according to the analysis of federal figures, by the New England Center for Investigative Reporting in collaboration with the nonprofit, nonpartisan social-science research group the American Institutes for Research.

        • Frances Perkins

          Again, at Arizona and Arizona State which non research, non teaching administrators are too many?

        • Sen. John Kavanagh

          Frances,
          You ignore my key point that half the students pay no tuition and another third pay reduced tuition, which totally refutes the idea that college is unaffordable in Arizona. Then you question my comment on too many administrators at colleges and I counter with proof from a liberal source. You then want me to go on a wild goose, or should I say administrator chase.

          I have a better idea. You comment on the free and low tuition and national proliferation of excess administrators and then we can micro-analyse Arizona universities.

          And while you are at it, please identify the mishmosh of non sequitors you say I made. It’s accountability time, Frances.

          • Frances Perkins

            Sorry. I didnt see one word about the specifics of Arizona or Arizona State, for which you are responsible. Lots of generalities, and a bigspike in private school administrators. Of even mention the much higher admin costs charter schools have in this State over real public schools, or your neglect of requiring privately operated for profit charters to disclose their profits. Remember all these are funded from your same appropriations general fund pot. Seems a lot hypocritical. And doesnt the Constitution say tuition should be as close to free as possible anyway?

          • Sen. John Kavanagh

            Half the in-state undergrads pay NO tuition and another third pay reduced tuition and the Huff Post documents the proliferation of college administrators that increase operating costs. Is that specific enough or do you insist on the names of every free-ride student and every subsidized one.

            Please comment on the tuition breaks and discounts. Specifically, how can tuition be unaffordable for the 50% who pay NOTHING?

  3. With respect to former Superintendent Huppenthal, state universities and community colleges were designed to offer high school graduates a quality post secondary education at an affordable rate. Does anyone remember when going to Arizona State University was $450 a semester? Now that is two classes at a community college. Granted that was 30 years ago and normal inflationary adjustments are natural. But the tuition rate increases we have seen are clearly beyond normal inflation and the only organizations benefiting are the student loan funders, who through their brand of crony capitalism, have indebted a substantial portion of our students to the point where it could create an economic crisis like the burst of the housing market ten years ago when the economy tanked. We do not need to go through that again.

  4. john huppenthal

    The legislature has cut support, but not by nearly enough. You can clearly see in the data that the more the legislate reduced the dependency of the universities, the healthier and more student focused they became.

    More graduates, better persistence.

    The key number is not the cost of tuition but the cost of graduation and the value of the education.

    Nationwide, the workforce participation of college graduates is dropping about as fast as as college completion rates of the workforce are rising.

    Also, these comprehensive longitudinal studies show no cognitive gains for the typical student after two years of college completion.

    Not a pretty picture.

    We now have a private university, Grand Canyon, which is competitive on tuition with public universities despite the public subsidy.

    Why should an air conditioning mechanic be paying for such a worthless service for someone wealthier than he/she?

    Everyone would be better off if the university subsidy were completely phased out.

    • Yeah, let’s just ignore the dictates of the Arizona Constitution like Huppenthal does. And this fool unbelievably was once Superintendent of Public Instruction.

      • John Huppenthal

        Your comments have no meaning other than a values comment to say that the value of college can’t be analyzed scientifically or philosophically – that we all must worship at the altar or be scorned.

        A moron could say what you’ve just said and it would have as much meaning.

        What has all the loan and taxpayer backing done for our students other than caused the cost of tuition to swell well beyond inflationary adjustment and the cost of government to shift from the rich to the poor?

        Regents, all of society, are drenched in what is a false specification – the description of earnings a function of a college diploma – $17,500 per year according to the latest census.

        y = f(x) , earnings are a function of a diploma.

        That’s nonsense of course. A freshman in a stat course would get an F on a paper if they submitted such an infantile specification in any other area of science.

        Mathematics and verbal ability are much better explainers of earnings than a college diploma.

        The most advanced specifications are now finding that lifetime earnings are a function of the cost of college education. Get that? As tuition goes up, lifetime earnings go up.

        Scorn all you want, it’s a scientific fact.

        Evidently as students become more important, the quality of education goes up. You also start a much more intense competition for those valuable students.

        There is absolutely no reason to be subsidizing college education – shifting costs from the rich to the poor.

        No one is better off.

        Quality has been advancing painfully slow over the last two decades in our universities – about 3/4 of a percentage point a year.

        We have the leadership horses at the President level to move at 7 points a year but we don’t have the policy culture at the regents level to move there.

    • Yes John, as the Carmelites taught you at Salpointe, Jesus said, “Cut the hell out of public ed and let those scum deal with it.”

      • John Huppenthal

        No, I was in the bottom 25% of my class at Salpointe when a volunteer wrestling coach from Catalina High School got me interested in school and education.

        He was a scientist, he taught me to think. You should try it.

        Every day, I volunteer at a school in south Phoenix teaching three classes of math a day and an after school program. Been doing it for three years.

        I guess that makes me your “pond scum.”