The House of Representatives passed a bipartisan legislative package in response to the spread of coronavirus in the early hours of Saturday morning following intense negotiations between House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and the Trump administration.
The Hill reports, House passes bill to help prop up economy from coronavirus:
The bill passed with broad, bipartisan support and a final tally of 363-40 with 40 Republicans voting against it and Independent Justin Amash of Michigan voting “present.”
How Arizona Members of Congress Voted: Yeah: Ruben Gallego, Tom O’Halleran, Paul Schweikert, Greg Stanton; Nay: Andy Biggs, Debbie Lesko; Not Voting: Paul Gosar (in self-quarantine), Raul Grijalva, Ann Kirkpatrick.
The measure includes provisions that would ensure that workers can take paid sick or family leave, bolster unemployment insurance, and guarantee that all Americans can get free diagnostic testing for the coronavirus.
Its passage comes after two days of uncertainty while Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin engaged in intense negotiations to accommodate GOP concerns, such as the cost of paid sick leave on businesses and ensuring that no taxpayer funds can be used for abortion. WTF?
House Democrats initially unveiled their legislation Wednesday night and threatened to move forward with or without the GOP, but with the growing number of coronavirus cases resulting in an increasing number of school, business, entertainment and athletic event shutdowns — as well as historic stock market losses — lawmakers were under pressure to take drastic action that actually stood a chance of becoming law.
“We could have passed our bill yesterday,” Pelosi told reporters at a late Friday night press conference in the Capitol. “But we thought it was important to assure the American people that we are willing and able to work together to get a job done for them.”
Yet confusion over whether they had struck a deal remained late into Friday evening, with GOP lawmakers throwing cold water on a deal and saying Pelosi jumped the gun on announcing an agreement.
Republicans actually told capitol reporters that they were “waiting for Trump to tweet” his thumbs up or thumbs down before committing to a vote on the bill. These sycophant cowards need to be removed from office.
Fox Business host Lou Dobbs then teased an interview with Mnuchin, who was meeting with President Trump as the show was airing, before the Treasury secretary announced at the end of the program that they had, in fact, come to a consensus.
Trump eventually tweeted that he “fully” supports the bill to assure anxious GOP lawmakers that he would sign it into law. Trump added that he directed the Treasury and Labor departments “to issue regulations that will provide flexibility so that in no way will small businesses be hurt.”
The two sides spent hours finalizing the legislative text, which ultimately wasn’t publicly posted until just before midnight — less than an hour before the House voted on it. Rep. Justin Amash (I-Mich.) voted “present” after he criticized the short time frame to review the revised bill, tweeting that he was “reading fast.”
The Senate — which left town on Friday for the weekend — is expected to take up the legislation sometime next week. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) said in a statement that “senators will need to carefully review the version just passed by the House.” Lawmakers also anticipate considering additional measures in the coming weeks to help the economy recover from the impact of the pandemic.
House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) said he’s confident the Senate will pass the measure, noting the president’s call for both chambers to support the legislation.
“I talked to Leader McConnell a couple times today. The challenge here is this is not the appropriate way to always do these negotiations; they should go through committee — we’re at a critical time right now,” he said. “And so they don’t have all the language yet, but I was keeping the senator abreast of what the arguments were and what was going into the bill.”
“So I think they will look a lot based upon how we vote, and they’ll be studying the bill as well,” he continued. “But I do believe it will get through, as the president says he wants to sign it.”
The legislation would create a national paid sick leave policy for the first time — albeit only through this year to address the coronavirus outbreak — to ensure that people won’t face pay cuts if they miss work due to illness. Employers with fewer than 500 workers as well as government employers would have to provide two weeks of paid sick leave.
Unlike nearly all wealthy industrialized nations, the U.S. does not have a permanent national paid sick leave program. Some states and localities have established their own laws requiring employers to provide sick leave, but roughly 25 percent of American workers currently don’t have the option of staying home if they are ill without losing a paycheck, leading to concerns that they could spread the coronavirus throughout their communities.
Democrats initially introduced a bill on Wednesday that would have required all employers to let employees accrue at least seven days of paid sick leave in addition to another 14 days available immediately when there’s a public health emergency such as the coronavirus; however, they ultimately decided to make it a temporary program for the coronavirus crisis to accommodate Republicans who have long opposed a national paid sick leave program.
The bill would also allow for workers to have up to three months of paid family and medical leave related to being quarantined or caring for children whose schools are closed because of the coronavirus. Workers would receive a benefit from their employers amounting to at least two-thirds of their usual pay.
A provision pushed by the GOP would provide for refundable tax credits as a way to help defray the costs for businesses adapting to the paid leave requirements.
The package is the latest installment of actions by Congress in response to the coronavirus pandemic; Trump last week signed an $8.3 billion emergency spending package into law to boost agencies’ efforts to combat the virus.
McCarthy first announced during a conference call Thursday morning that he did not support the measure and called for lawmakers to postpone their recess to allow for negotiations to continue.
Republicans on Friday morning were reportedly still reluctant to back the legislation following changes made during the Pelosi-Mnuchin negotiations. One GOP lawmaker told The Hill early Friday that the bill had “not been changed sufficiently to protect small businesses from a devastating paid leave mandate.”
The president — who was pushing for language on a payroll tax cut to be added to the bill — further signaled that he was not supportive of the bill during a press conference on Friday afternoon, stating that “we just don’t think they are giving enough.”
So the only thing Republicans really wanted is what they always want: more tax cuts for businesses. The GOP remains adamantly opposed to a paid sick leave program. Congress poured cold water on Trump’s payroll tax cut: House Democrats unveiled an economic response package that does not include a payroll tax cut. Meanwhile, Senate reactions ranged from deep skepticism to, in some cases, outright opposition, raising questions about whether a [payroll tax cut] could ever reach Trump’s desk.
But Pelosi and Mnuchin, after speaking more than a dozen times on Friday, were ultimately able to hash out a deal that the White House was willing to support.
Pelosi indicated that the House will work on additional legislation to address the pandemic in coming weeks.
“As the Senate works to pass this bill, the House will begin work on a third emergency response package to protect the health, economic security and well-being of the American people,” she said in a “Dear Colleague” letter announcing the deal early Friday evening.
“We will do so in continued consultation with scientists, researchers, health care professionals, public health officials and community leaders, so that we can craft the most effective, evidence-based response,” she added.
The bill would also bolster unemployment insurance by providing states with at least $1 billion in grants to deal with a rise in joblessness resulting from the impact of the coronavirus.
Additionally, it would allow for emergency food assistance for households with children who normally receive free or reduced-price meals at school in the event of school closures lasting more than five consecutive days. Work and work training requirements for food assistance would also be suspended.
A federal judge has temporarily blocked a Trump administration federal rule from going into effect next month that could have seen nearly 700,000 people lose access to food stamps, noting in part a need for flexibility as state and federal officials work to address nutritional needs during the coronavirus pandemic.
“Especially now, as a global pandemic poses widespread health risks, guaranteeing that government officials at both the federal and state levels have flexibility to address the nutritional needs of residents and ensure their well-being through programs like SNAP, is essential,” Chief Judge Beryl Howell of the US District Court in Washington, DC, wrote as part of her opinion issued Friday.
In an order handed down Friday, the Howell granted a preliminary injunction and a stay on portions of a federal rule from the US Department of Agriculture. The rule, announced in December, would require more food stamp recipients to work in order to receive benefits by limiting states’ ability to waive existing work mandates. The final USDA rule was to take effect on April 1.
Passage of the bill came hours after Trump held a press conference at the White House to formally declare a national emergency, which allows the Federal Emergency Management Agency to access billions of dollars and mobilize personnel to help state and local agencies handle the coronavirus outbreak.
Following the vote, House members departed Washington and won’t be back for at least a week for a previously scheduled recess; however, that recess could be extended if the coronavirus crisis worsens in the coming days.
Mitch McConnell’s Republican Senate hasn’t been doing any work all year, so suspending Congress for several weeks because of the coronavirus would barely be noticed in the Senate. It is only Nancy Pelosi’s Democratic House that has been doing all the heavy lifting on legislation this year.