Size Matters


Cross-posted from

The recent Arizona Town Hall on “Funding PreK–12 Education”, reported that, after “three days of serious and intense deliberations, [we] believe there is a state of emergency with respect to Arizona’s underfunding of our preK–12 education system, which requires urgent, decisive action.” This Town Hall effort was non-partisan, including a cross-section of diverse participants traveling from across the state to convene in Mesa. The intent of the effort was to discuss how best to fund preK–12 education now and in the future while improving the quality of education provided.

In their yet draft report, the Town Hall states in that, “Arizona already dedicates approximately 43% of the state’s general fund to K–12 education spending – good enough for a ranking of 11th nationally, as compared to average general fund spending of 35% among other states – the problem has more to do with the ”size of the pie” than a lack of relative support for preK–12 education spending.

That led me to notice an Arizona Daily Star story today titled, “Here’s how to use your tax credits to help public schools.” Although there isn’t a public school out there that doesn’t appreciate the tax credit dollars that come in, in the bigger picture they are as much as part of the problem, as they help. Firstly, they exacerbate inequities between private schools and public schools and between public schools themselves. Taxpayers can claim a five-fold greater tax credit for private schools (up to $1,089 per person versus only $200 for public schools.) Secondly, the tax credit monies given to private schools can be used for any purpose versus the limitation to extracurricular activities or character education programs that public schools must live with.

There is also the reality that wealthier communities are always capable of providing more funding support to their public schools than more disadvantaged communities. Yes, tax credit donations to schools are a one-for-one deduction of the state taxes you owe, but first you must earn enough to owe the taxes you’re looking to offset. And, oh by the way, “when the impact of state tax credits is combined with federal [and sometimes state] tax deductions, some [wealthier] taxpayers in nine states (Arizona included) can actually turn a profit by making these so-called ”donations“ to School Tuition Organizations (STOs) which funnel money to private schools. The non-profit, non-partisan Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP) writes, ”The potential for wealthy individuals to turn a profit by claiming these credits is accelerating the diversion of critical resources away from public schools.”

The problem is compounded when we look at it from the state-level, especially when one considers all the tax credits available. In 2014, about $287 million was redirected by individual taxpayers from the state treasury including these widely available ones:
* Qualifying Charitable Organizations = 105,500 redirected $28.2 million
* Private-school tuition organizations = 109,300 redirected $84 million
* Public-school extracurricular = 266,000 redirected $51 million

To exacerbate the problem, Governor Ducey signed SB 1216 into law in 2016, doubling the Qualifying Charitable Organization tax credit donation limits and separating out the Foster Care Credit so as to allow taxpayers to claim both. The public school tax credit limit was not increased.

Arizona also allows corporations to claim tax credits through School Tuition Organizations (STOs) and is in fact, only one of four states that allow businesses to claim a larger credit than individual taxpayers. These corporate tax credits are for low-income students (from families not exceeding an annual income of $82,996 for a family of four) and, for displaced/disadvantaged students. In 2008, three-fourths of Arizona companies paid only the minimum $50 in corporate taxes and with a 20% increase in cap allowed every year, the program is causing significant impact to the state’s general fund. In fact, the “low-income corporate tax credit alone is expected to grow to more than $250 million a year” by 2025. It should be no surprise that in 2016, the $67 million annual limit on corporate tax credit donations in Arizona for low-income students was met in a matter of hours. For FY2017/18, that limit was over $74.3 million and the one for disabled/displaced students was $5 million.

What makes matters worse, is the plethora of evidence from around the nation that these tax credit programs do not improve student outcomes. In Arizona, it is hard to tell since there is no requirement for the private and parochial schools receiving the dollars to be accountable or transparent.

What these programs do very successfully though, is drain our state coffers of critical funding, shrinking the size of the pie that funds our public schools. This, while lining the pockets of wealthier taxpayers and helping fund private and parochial schools and the STOs that funnel taxpayer dollars to them (like the one owned by AZ Senate President Steve Yarborough.)

This is NOT what fiscal responsibility looks like, people. Fiscal responsibility means that we get what we pay for. Fiscal responsibility means that when we say we want our public schools adequately funded, we actually invest sufficiently in them, then hold them accountable for delivering a good return on our investment.

Workarounds to adequate funding (like tax credits), may make taxpayers feel like they are doing their part, but they are just that…workarounds. If we really want our children to have every opportunity to succeed and our teachers to make a living wage, we must do our part to provide (as per the Town Hall report), “dedicated, sustainable funding sources for Arizona’s pre-K–12 education system that meet the needs of schools, teachers, and students in an equitable manner. The state’s funding system should also be transparent and promote accountability.”

My mantra over the coming year will be “if we want different, we must vote different.” I know I’m preaching overwhelmingly to the choir, but for those already on-board with supporting our public, district schools, you have more work to do. Until you’ve done everything possible to fight back against the assault on our public, district schools, you haven’t done enough. Get to know which of our Legislators are pro-public education by checking out the Friends of ASBA Voting Record and research the legislative candidates running throughout our state (I previously wrote about my favorite three.)

Remember, it doesn’t so much matter what district they are in, as it does that we get more pro-public education legislators in our Legislature. That’s because no matter what district they are in, even if you can’t vote for them, they can vote for you and the high-quality public education you want to see. Help these candidates by donating, volunteering, and promoting them on social media. Yes, the education privatizers may have the money, but we have the many. Let’s show them our power!

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Linda Lyon retired as a Colonel (Thomas) from the U.S. Air Force in 2007 at Andrews AFB, Maryland where she served as the Mission Support Group Commander (city manager) for a 20,000 person community with 2,000 people under her command. After retirement from the Air Force, she managed a $28 million logistical service contract at the Department of Energy and served as Deputy Program Manager for the $30 million SBInet contract at L-3 Communications. Since moving to Tucson in 2008, she (and her wife Holly) created and ran four annual Wingspan charity golf tournaments bringing in almost $65,000, and she served as the organization’s Director for 14 months. She also served in key positions for five AZ legislative races. Linda is in her second term as a Governing Board member for the Oracle School District, was named Advocate of the Year for 2013 by the Arizona School Board Association and in 2018, served as the Association's President. She'll be the past president in 2019 and will also be serving as the Federal Legislative Chair for the Arizona PTA.


  1. You pulled together all the pieces here, Linda. It’s a systemic problem. But meanwhile, I give tax credit dollars to schools in low income areas which get less money, and I use my various charity-based tax credits to help nonprofits which do good work. And not a penny to the private school tax credits. At the same time, we have to fight for better elected officials, like our two Democratic governor candidates, Steve Farley and David Garcia. Whoever makes it out of the primary, I’m all in.

  2. who is “we”? it sure isn’t the republican controlled legislature. you say we need to elect pro education legislators. why don’t you try to do something to get them elected that will actually work. instead of meaningless self congratulatory town halls! like what you will ask. initiatives. vote by mail. mike it a crime to prevent a arizona citizen from registering to vote and voting. universal voter registration for all citizens and I am sure you can add more ;but dint waste time on your diatribes against dark money douglass was out spent 20 to 1 and still won so did trump. what did all the donor money clinton spent do for her?

      • when I was less enfeebled I would put signs next to republican campaign signs letting the voters know that a congressman and a house speaker were protecting child molesters. in years past maybe you saw one. I did the same with signs on my car. the house speaker sent out cops to scare me into stoping. I told them if you want to arrest me go ahead. they left because the publicity wouldn’t help him. when racist mesa voted down the dr. king holiday I put signs and paid for a billboard saying welcome to racists mesa with a KKK hood. mesa cops called me and told me they would arrest me if I went into mesa. I bought radio adds telling voters pete dunn was a charlie keating paid stooge. I tried but faild to put up memorial to vietnam war protesters on land I bought for that purpose to honor the kent state students. and walked door to door in sun city pasing out anti jan brewer material. I even ran for office in az. (lost) the local paper said they were upset I got so many votes being a lefty. I don’t do so much anymore as I am on social security and it is difficult to do much now ;but I can still remind democrats that liberal elitist whining is not a substitute for meaning direct action that isn’t SAFE! I was almost sent to jail when i went for jury duty and said az is corrupt and refuse to vote guilty. the judge asked me how I could as a good citizen do that. I told him my constitutional right to jury nullification! he got really mad.

        • I have also written a screenplay on the plight of undocumented children I’m az. you can read it at my web site that I am trying to make into movie :but lack the funding.

          • I also bought air time on several local radio stations (but not for long!) to bring anti-fascist talk to arizona. I called it the captain arizona show after my personel hero captain john brown of kansas and harpers ferry. as long as the stations would sell me time which wasn’t long I battled the republican fascist police state of arizona even though the fascist would block the road to stop me from getting to the station.

  3. Amen, Linda. However, No taxes should be raised to support public schools until all these tax credits, which drain revenues, are recaptured first. And of course this means no vouchers, and a cap on charter schools. We also need to stop calling charters “public”, they are not. They ARE privately operated, many for profit, and many family run, make work/profit projects, blessed with taxpayer money.

    • Thanks Frances. Appreciate your read and comment. It’s time to quit looking for the pot at the end of the rainbow and realize our public district schools are our best bet, but need our committed support!

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