The right questions to ask about Proposition 123


Our lawless Tea-Publican legislature revealed their hand when, after sending Proposition 123 to the ballot in a special election in May, they immediately sought to privatize public education in Arizona with vouchers in violation of the Arizona Constitution, and sought to eliminate desegregation funding to school districts. Those efforts have now been temporarily delayed, so as not to jeopardize Proposition 123.

education_appleThere is absolutely no good faith, and absolutely no reason to trust these lawless Tea-Publicans to live up to Proposition 123, any more than they lived up to Proposition 301, which the legislature referred to the ballot then willfully disregarded when it was convenient to them.

The editors of the Arizona Daily Sun lay out the right questions for voters to ask in this debate over Proposition 123 in a well reasoned editorial om Sunday. K-12 funding needs answers beyond Prop. 123:

There’s a conspiracy theory going around that Republican leaders in Phoenix will wait until after Arizona voters pass Prop. 123 on May 17 before approving private school vouchers and canceling $211 million in annual desegregation funding.

Except some of the rank-and-file didn’t get the word. GOP lawmakers were lining up behind bills to immediately enact both of those plans before leaders put them on ice.

Now they say further hearings on the bills have been postponed to a date uncertain. Could that be May 18 – or perhaps a special summer session if the regular session has already adjourned by then?


Pardon our skepticism, but when it comes to public school funding, most legislative Republicans in Arizona don’t seem to get it. No matter how much they believe in the power of school choice, students and schools aren’t going to thrive when funding per pupil ranks at the bottom of the 50 states. No amount of shifting the dollars among mainstream publics, charters and private schools is going to mask the fact that the amount Arizona spends on K-12 education isn’t up to the task.

And that task – producing students able to hold their own academically with others across the nation and the globe – is made even harder by the higher socioeconomic hurdles Arizona students face. Child poverty is higher in Arizona than the national average, more students come from families where English is not the primary language, and children of color are concentrated in schools with the highest poverty rates.

Put those together, and Arizona educators would already face daunting challenges even before some of the biggest cuts in school funding in the nation forced administrators to raise class sizes, reduce the number of classroom aides and cut teacher pay. So it’s no wonder that median scores on achievement tests remain below national averages, which themselves are not very high compared to other developed nations.


Voters approved extra funding for schools, but lawmakers ignored the mandatory yearly inflation increase. After losing in court but refusing to pay what a judge said they owed, lawmakers and the governor settled on a partial state payment supplemented by a higher drawdown of the state land trust fund for 10 years. Prop. 123, if approved, will hike state school subsidies by 8 percent – unless another voter-backed school funding referendum, Prop. 301, is allowed to expire in 2021, which means Prop. 123 will be a wash in its final five years.

Also undermining the value of Prop. 123 to mainstream districts would be the private voucher plan, which over time would give $5,000 to every Arizona student to be applied toward tuition at a private school. These schools can admit or reject any student they choose, and they are not held accountable for how they spend their money or how well students do on standardized tests.

And so far, according to studies, the vouchers that have been used are going primarily to students coming out of the wealthier districts, not those serving low-income students.

The charter movement has also not mirrored the racial and economic diversity found in Arizona schools as a whole. Proportionately, they have far fewer children with special learning and language needs, who require the most resources to teach effectively. And a new study shows charter administrative costs are twice as high as in mainstream districts.


Now along come GOP lawmakers to take away so-called “desegregation” funds in districts where a high number of disadvantaged minority children were performing poorly. In Flagstaff, some $2 million in extra taxes are levied primarily to teach Navajo children in Leupp and to create an English-Spanish-Navajo school called Puente de Hozho. The FUSD school in Leupp takes on special significance in light of recent news of mismanagement and layoffs at the Navajo Nation school there. And Puente de Hozho is hailed as a model of not only bilingual academic success but a way to integrate students of all races around a multicultural curriculum.

Republicans say they don’t think 18 school districts should enjoy extra funding that other districts lack. But it’s not as if the money is coming out of state coffers.

If local voters don’t want to pay higher taxes, they can vote out their local school boards. So far, FUSD voters have shown a willingness to not only live with the higher desegregation levies but also raise school taxes by an extra 15 percent.

What appears to be at work in such Republican maneuvers is the defunding of a government institution – mainstream public schools – that has its roots not in choice but mandatory attendance laws. This is ironic since most districts now have open enrollment policies. And the college prep magnet programs within FUSD appeal to the same students and their families touting charters and private schools as the only realistic choices for advanced studies.


If Prop. 123 is to have a chance at passage, we would urge Republican lawmakers and the governor to come clean on their intentions regarding private school vouchers and desegregation funds. It makes little sense to approve a measure adding $350 million a year on one hand if the other hand is going to reach back in and take out hundreds of millions more each year via vouchers and desegregation cuts.

The alternative, of course, is to hold lawmakers accountable at the ballot box in November if they won’t be accountable before May 17.

Either way, now that Republicans have tipped their hand, it’s clear that the Prop. 123 campaign can’t be conducted in isolation from other K-12 funding – or defunding – plans.

Arizona leaders have a lot to answer for on the education underfunding front. Let’s get some of those answers out on the table before May 17.

There are forums being held all around Arizona for Proposition 123.  You the voters have an obligation to ask the right questions. The editors of the Arizona Daily Sun have been good enough to give them to you.

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AZ BlueMeanie
The Blue Meanie is an Arizona citizen who wishes, for professional reasons, to remain anonymous when blogging about politics. Armed with a deep knowledge of the law, politics and public policy, as well as pen filled with all the colors stolen from Pepperland, the Blue Meanie’s mission is to pursue and prosecute the hypocrites, liars, and fools of politics and the media – which, in practical terms, is nearly all of them. Don’t even try to unmask him or he’ll seal you in a music-proof bubble and rendition you to Pepperland for a good face-stomping. Read blog posts by the infamous and prolific AZ Blue Meanie here.


  1. Stockholm syndrome, indeed. Only in Arizona will you see a legislature that was adjudged to have violated the Constitution by refusing to fund schools as mandated by the people come out as the winners. We win the lawsuit, but the wrongdoers are poised to claim the victory. They get an accelerated draw down on the assets that have funded education for nearly 100 years and a looming fiscal cliff when that funding ends in 10 years. What then? Any suggestions from ASBA, AEA or Democrats supporting Prop 123?

    I wonder what losing looks like.

  2. Using regression analysis, the Grand Canyon Institute, which did the research on school vouchers, estimated “that the cost for Arizona taxpayers per student enrolled due to the credits is about $10,000 from the General Fund.”
    Your article says the average voucher is $5000, but according to the AZ republic, “the average ESA amount per child from A-rated schools was $15,700 annually, and for B-rated schools it was $13,450. For C schools, it drops to $8,300 a year, and for D schools it was $5,850.
    I looked at the list of vouchers by district and schools that the AZ republic printed. If you click on the top of the chart on Averages, the table will sort ESA average amounts high to low. Page 1 and 1/2 of p2. are filled with average voucher amounts exceeding $20,000. I do not understand how that works, when the per pupil amount in AZ is about $5000-$6000. Receiving a voucher for $23,000 seems excessive. And lastly, why does a student, attending Basis get a voucher, if school choice is already being utilized and the student is in a charter school? AZ legislators have it completely wrong. School choice should not be an objective in and of itself. Creating fully funded, quality public schools for every child should be the legislature’s only educational concern.

  3. Upcoming Forums on Prop 123:
    March 12 at 10 a.m. in Bisbee at Community Y (26 Howell) – Mule Mt. Dems
    March 14 at 7:00 p.m. at Oro Valley Library – Dems of Oro Valley
    March 24 at 6:30 p.m. at BeDillons Restaurant (8th & Park) – Casa Grande Dems
    March 29 at 6:30 p.m. in Vail at Vail District School Office – Vail Parent Network
    April 12 at 3:30 p.m. in SaddleBrooke at the HOA #1 Activity Center – SaddleBrooke Dems

  4. “If Prop. 123 is to have a chance at passage, we would urge Republican lawmakers and the governor to come clean on their intentions …”

    How does this work again? I’m supposed to hope in one hand, and do what in the other?

    • Arizona’s “education leaders,” lawless Tea-Publicans, most elected Democrats and virtually all of the GOP-friendly media are in support of Prop. 123 because they accept the premise that this is the best deal we are ever going to get from our captors. Arizonans have been held hostage by the right-wing for so long that they are suffering from Stockholm Syndrome.

  5. League of Women Voters of Greater Tucson having a forum on Prop. 123 on March 19, starting at 10 a.m. at the Joel D. Valdez main library. It’s posted on our image calendar:

    I will post other forums on Prop. 123 as they become known to us.

  6. League of Women Voters of Greater Tucson having a forum on Prop. 123 on March 19, starting at 10 a.m. at the Joel D. Valdez main library. It’s posted on our image calendar:

    I will post other forums on Prop. 123 as they become known to us.

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